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|WO71 346||MacDonagh, Thomas (Prisoner 30)||1 May 1916 - 3 May 1916|
File relates to the field general courtmartial of Thomas MacDonagh [Commandant, Irish Volunteers], held on the 2nd of May 1916 at [Richmond Barracks, Dublin]. The courtmartial was presided over by Brigadier General C. G. Blackader (president), Lieutenant Colonel G. German and Lieutenant Colonel W. J. Kent. Charge against MacDonagh was that 'he did an act to wit did take part in an armed rebellion and in the waging of war against His majesty the King such act being of such a nature as to be calculated to be prejudicial to the Defence of the Realm and being done with the intention and for the purpose of assisting the enemy'. MacDonagh pleaded not guilty to the said charge, but was found guilty and sentenced to 'Death by being Shot'.
File includes copy Certificate of Execution, certifying that MacDonagh was shot along with P.H. Pearse and Thomas Clarke on the morning of the 3rd May 1916 at Kilmainham Gaol. 'I was present at the execution of the prisoners... and the Prisoners were dead before the Commandant disposed of the bodies.' Captain H.V.Stanley, Red Cross Hospital, Dublin Castle.
One witness statement is contained in the file and is the Statement for the prosecution of Major J. A. Armstrong, 1st Royal Inniskillen [Inniskilling] Fusiliers which includes the following 'I was present at St. Patrick's Park Dublin on 30th April 1916. There were British troops there and I saw them fired on. I was under fire myself. The shots came from the direction of Jacobs Factory... At a later hour I saw the accused coming from the direction of Jacobs Factory under a white flag... About 5pm he surrendered with over 100 others to General Carleton... I made a list of the unarmed men and the accused was not on that list...'. The witness was then cross examined by MacDonagh '... The accused made the statement to me that it was no use my searching for papers as they had all been destroyed'. MacDonagh called no witnesses in his defence but made the following statement 'I did everything I could to assist the officers in the matter of the surrender telling them where the arms and ammunition were after the surrender was decided upon.'